Daniel Harvey Hill

Civil War Confederate General Daniel Harvey Hill was a West Pointer of the celebrated class of 1842, was born in York District, South Carolina, on July 12, 1821. He served in the Mexican War, in which he earned two brevets for gallantry, before resigning from the army in 1849 to become an educator. He was professor of mathematics at Washington College (afterwards Washington and Lee University) from 1849 to 1854, and at Davidson College from 1854 to 1859. From that time until the war he was superintendent of the North Carolina Military Institute.

He entered Confederate service as colonel of the 1st North Carolina Infantry. Appointed brigadier general on July 10, 1861, he had on June 8 won the first “battle” of the war at Big Bethel Church on the Virginia Peninsula. As major general appointed March 26, 1862, he fought at Yorktown, Williamsburg, and Seven Pines under Genera J. E. Johnston. During the Seven Days, under General R. E. Lee, his division again distinguished itself; as it did later at Second Manassas, South Mountain, and Sharpsburg. In 1863 he assumed command of the Department of North Carolina.

While Lee was at Gettysburg, Hill defended Richmond, and was promoted lieutenant general on July 11, 1863. He was then ordered to the Army of Tennessee under Bragg, and commanded a corps at Chickamauga in the Chattanooga campaign. His outspoken criticism of Braxton Bragg as a field commander caused not only his relief shortly thereafter, but also the President’s refusal to nominate Hill to the Confederate Senate at the grade to which he had earlier appointed him.

Except for an interval at Petersburg in 1864, he saw no further active service until the closing scenes in the Carolinas, where, as a major general, he commanded a division of Johnston’s forces at Bentonville. After the war General Hill edited The Land We Love, a magazine. He was president of the University of Arkansas, 1877-1884, and of the Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College, 1886-1889. He died at Charlotte, North Carolina, September 24, 1889, and was buried in Davidson College Cemetery, Davidson, North Carolina. General Hill was brother-in-law of Stonewall Jackson and of Rufus Barringer.